AskDefine | Define Urdu

Dictionary Definition

Urdu adj : relating to the Urdu language; "Urdu poetry" n : the official literary language of Pakistan, closely related to Hindi; widely used in India (mostly by Moslems); written in Arabic script

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

From sc=fa-Arab, from ordu ( > Turkish ordu). Compare horde.

Pronunciation

Proper noun

  1. A Indo-Iranian language with native speakers mainly in Pakistan and India.

Translations

the Indo-Iranian language

Adjective

  1. Relative to the Urdu language.

Translations

relative to the Urdu language

See also

External links

Portuguese

Noun

  1. A Indo-Iranian language with native speakers mainly in Pakistan and India.

Extensive Definition

Urdu (pronunciation, , trans. Urdū, historically spelled Ordu) is an Indo-Aryan language Urdu is a standardised register of Hindustani, termed the standard dialect Khariboli. The grammatical description in this article concerns this standard Urdu. In general, the term "Urdu" can encompass dialects of Hindustani other than the standardised versions.
Standard Urdu has approximately the twentieth largest population of native speakers, among all languages. It is the national language of Pakistan as well as one of the 23 official languages of India.
Urdu is often contrasted with Hindi, another standardised form of Hindustani. The main differences between the two are that Standard Urdu is conventionally written in Nastaliq calligraphy style of the Perso-Arabic script and draws vocabulary more heavily from Persian and Arabic than Hindi, while Standard Hindi is conventionally written in Devanāgarī and draws vocabulary from Sanskrit comparatively more heavily. Some linguists nonetheless consider Urdu and Hindi to be two standardized forms of the same language; however, others classify them separately due to sociolinguistic differences.

Speakers and geographic distribution

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